Your family comes first
When it comes to water safety the best protection you can give your children is not the Pool alarm or the Safety fence or any of the other devices that are on the market. The
best water safety protection you can give your children is you!
You are the one that insures that the pool alarm is put back in the pool when you have finished swimming, it is you that insures that the pool gate is closed and the gate alarm is active. All safety products can only work if you make sure that they are in good working order and that they are "Tried and Tested" and used correctly.
With the constant news of another child drowning in a garden pond or a villa's pool, water safety has come to the forefront of people minds when going on holiday or when children are very small. It has also allowed companies to flood the market with drowning protection products that have never been tried or tested.
Remember this is your child and you only get one chance, don't ever compromise on safety. Make sure that what you are purchasing has been Tried and Tested. Make sure it has history and is not one of the many cheap copies coming out of the Far East. You child is the most precious thing to you and as such should be given the best protection in life.
Remember safety products are just a added piece of security, it is you that is the best child safety product on the market.
Never assume that some one is watching your children, if some one is watching over your children make sure that you are happy that they are carrying this out correctly.
When we mean correctly, we mean that there full attention is being paid in the safe guarding of your children. Ensure that they are not. Reading a book Talking to other people Drinking any form of alcoholic drink Playing in the pool (You can't see what is below the water if your in the pool) Play cards Doing anything that could distract them from there duty. It should also be noted that when supervising children, after a time fatigue will set in, so you should consider having some sort of shift pattern.
Other rules with regard to water safety are as follows:
Instruct babysitters about potential pool hazards to young children and about the use of protective devices, such as door alarms and latches. Emphasize the need for constant supervision.
Never leave a child unsupervised near a pool. During social gatherings at or near a pool, appoint a "designated watcher" to protect young children from pool accidents. Adults may
take turns being the "watcher." When adults become preoccupied, children are at risk.
If a child is missing, check the pool first. Seconds count in preventing death or disability. Go to the edge of the pool and scan the entire pool, bottom and surface, as well as the pool area.
Do not allow a young child in the pool without an adult.
Do not consider young children to be drown proof because they have had swimming lessons. Children must be watched closely while swimming.
Do not use flotation devices as a substitute for supervision.
Learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Babysitters and other caretakers, such as grandparents and older siblings, should also know CPR.
Keep rescue equipment by the pool. Be sure a telephone is poolside with emergency numbers posted nearby.
Remove toys from in and around the pool when it is not in use. Toys can attract young children to the pool.
Never prop open the gate to a pool barrier
Basic Water Safety Emergency Guide
There are certain things we can do that in times of emergency can make the difference between the life and death of a child. If your child ever comes up missing and you are at a home or place with a pool, check the pool first!
Survival in a water emergency depends on a quick response and CPR as needed to restore breathing. As a parent you should make certain that every caregiver of your child is trained in CPR. Make no exceptions as this simple technique can save your child’s life.
If you do find your child submerged in water immediately pull him out and check for breathing. Have someone call 999 immediately. If breathing is verified than CPR should not be initiated. If your child is not breathing and help is on the way it is up to you to start rescue-breathing while you await an emergency response.
Rescue breathing should be given in five cycles of breathings and chest compressions. It should take about 2 minutes to complete five cycles. If after five cycles your child is not breathing you must continue CPR. If your child is breathing after a few cycles then quickly lay them to their side so that any fluid can drain out of their airway.
If a drowning or near drowning occurs as the result of a trauma or accident that may have involved the neck of spinal cord the child should be kept on their back. Take your hands and forearms and brace their shoulders to ensure they remain still until help arrives...
Ensuring your child's safety is your number one priority so you will need all the help you can get. Sometimes just one child safety tip can save your child from harm. Visit ChildProofingTips.com for more great child Safety & childproofing advice.
1) In spite of the fact that drowning is the most likely way a middle or upper income parent could lose a child, most parents (55%) do not worry much, or at all, about their child drowning.
2) A child submersed in your pool will lose consciousness in as little as two to four minutes.
3) A child deprived of oxygen will die in as little as four to six minutes.
4) Children who are resuscitated following prolonged oxygen deprivation may suffer permanent, life-altering brain damage. Devastating near-drowning are almost as common as fatal drownings.
5) A child can drown in as little as 3 to 4 cm of water.
6) Most drowning events are totally silent.
7) Boys are three to four times more likely to drown than girls. Boys are generally more adventurous and engage in risky behaviour more frequently.
8) 60% of all drownings occur in children aged between 1 and 4.
9) 70% of all pool drowings occur in fully fenced pools
10) Fewer than one third of these drowning victims intend to be in the water.
11) 90% of drownings occur whilst a child is under supervision.
12) Almost all parents say that they actively supervise their children while swimming, but 94% admit to engaging in distracting activities such as snoozing, reading and using the phone whilst supervising.
13) Rapid initiation of CPR and first aid is recognised as being absolutely critical to survival. A rescued but unconscious child who is not breathing is in just as much danger as if he or she were still in the pool.
The Layers of Safety Campaign website is an excellent resource for pool safety tips.
Please find below an article written by Mr Bob Lyons the President of Terrapin Communication, He is the inventor of the Safety Turtle and Terrapin Communications is the company that makes the Safety Turtle.
TODDLERS AND BACKYARD POOLS:
by Bob Lyons
Among children ages 4 and under, there are approximately 400 residential swimming pool drownings and 3,000 near-drownings per year in Canada and the United States. More than one-third of the accidents occur at the homes of friends, neighbours or relatives. Drowning is the second leading cause of accidental death among children ages 14 and under, and the leading cause of accidental death of children 4 and under. Toddlers whose parents have recently purchased a pool are at the greatest risk.
Factors surrounding immersion accidents experienced by young children are related. Three major categories of factors are significant: characteristics of the victim, the environment and supervisory factors. Lapse of supervision is always a contributing factor to an immersion accident of a young child.
Sources of data are: death and hospital admission statistics; coroners' reports; and water related incident reports by proactive local governments, e.g., Maricopa County, Arizona. This data has been analyzed by National SAFE KIDS Campaign (US), Injury Prevention and Child Safety Program (Canada), The Lifesaving Society, etc.; but unfortunately, results are not at hand to those who need it most: parents with backyard pools.
Accident rates in Phoenix/Scottsdale, Orange County and other areas with very high pool concentrations and usage have dropped dramatically as a result of serious education campaigns directed at pool owners and pool builders. This article identifies and qualifies the sources of risk which all pool owners with young children or grandchildren should be aware of.
VICTIM CHARACTERISTICS AND BEHAVIOR
Each immersion incident is linked to behavioural and developmental factors. Teenagers (15-19 years of age) and preschoolers (1-4 years of age) are most at risk, for different reasons. Toddlers are exploring and testing their environment, imitating adult behaviour but unaware of the dangers of water and usually without the swimming skills to stay afloat. In Canada and the US, male victims outnumber female victims after the first birthday, with the gap widening with increasing age. This suggests that behavioural differences between the two sexes may play a role.
But what about individual differences with the same age and gender group? Are some toddlers more immersion accident prone than others, and is this indicated in their behaviour? Unfortunately, the data provides no "heightened risk" symptoms for the 1-4 age category. Nonetheless, the following can reasonably be stated:
·Toddlers as a group seize only a small percentage of their unintended pool entry opportunities.
· A toddler is capable of setting short term goals: venturing into the back yard pool is a "reasonable" short term goal.
Some toddlers may be particularly vulnerable. Parents and judges should be mindful of this.
A breakdown in caregiver supervision contributes to each child immersion accident. Three distinct scenarios can be identified and analyzed:
· child enters the pool area unobserved
· child is near the pool with caregiver permission but without caregiver intention that he/she enter the water
· child has caregiver permission to be in the water The first two are most relevant to the supervision of toddlers. More than half the reported accidents (though less than half the fatal ones) occur when the toddler is near the pool with caregiver permission. Fencing and intrusion alarms, even when secured 100% of the time, are incapable of preventing these accidents. Uninterrupted supervision (not just caregiver presence) is critical when a toddler is near water. Individual alarms worn by the child are now available as a last line of defence.
Unfamiliar surrounding is a major risk factor. Less than one third of all toddler immersion accidents occur in "familiar" pools; the rest occur at friends', relatives' or neighbours' houses or in home pools purchased or installed less than six months before. Lack of adequate security and failure to detect problems, such as broken gate latches, contribute to accidents. Caregivers are often distracted by unfamiliar surrounding, just when they should be on heightened alert.
An in-ground pool without 4-sided fencing is twice as likely to be involved in a toddler drowning as an in ground pool with 4-sided fencing or an above ground pool. This ratio may overstate the benefit, as 4-sided fencing also differentiates more and less safety conscious pool owners generally. Nonetheless, it is an important environmental factor.
Accident rates vary with time of year and day of week. Rates increase with pool usage - 40% of accidents are on Saturday or Sunday. Rates are also higher at the beginning of the pool season. There is no evidence that air or water temperature affects a toddler's inclination to enter a pool.
Inevitable, unpredictable and difficult to control, caregiver distraction is the most insidious of environmental factors. Backup and support to the primary caregiver is critical. Parents need to be on the same page with respect to their regimen, and prudent in delegating responsibility to supervise their child around water. Uninformed parents typically exhibit different levels of concern; unfortunately, a chain is only as strong as its weakest link. Over 90% of families that lose a child end in a divorce.
TECHNOLOGY TO THE RESCUE?
Pool security products are becoming available in increasing numbers, but it is too soon to assess their effectiveness in reducing accidents. Human nature being what it is, other measures might be relaxed in the presence of a security product.
An intrusion alarm, like a physical barrier, does not (in most practical cases) protect the toddler near the water with caregiver permission. Nor does it follow a child from pool to pool, i.e., to unfamiliar surrounding. Intrusion alarms are usually disarmed by swimmers and pool cleaners. Due to false alarms, they are also sometimes disarmed at night and during absences from the house. The effectiveness of intrusion alarms therefore depends on everyone with unrestricted access to the pool. Alarming, self-closing gates are less prone to human error, providing the alarm is not disabled during pool occupancy.
Personal alarms such as Safety Turtle provide an additional layer of protection to intrusion barriers and alarms. Effectiveness depends on caregiver's) reattaching the locking wristband to the child after each bath or supervised swim.
But no alarm has proven to be an effective substitute for a supervision regimen adhered to by both parents. And no electronic or mechanical device is effective 100% of the time even when used correctly.
Helpful pool safety information.
Pool Safety Toolkit http://www.poolsafely.gov/pool-spa-safety/staying-safe-pools-spas/residential-swimming-pools/ Lifeguard Skills for Pool Owners http://blog.poolcenter.com/article.aspx?articleid=6478 Swimming Safety Tips http://www.safekids.org/tip/swimming-safety-tips Parent’s Guide to First Aid https://www.acls.net/a-parents-guide-to-first-aid.htm Guidance for Safety: The Pool and Spa Safety Act http://www.cpsc.gov//PageFiles/122216/361.pdf Pool Safety Products Protect, Prevent, and Rehabilitate http://www.homeadvisor.com/article.show.Pool-Safety-Products-Protect-Prevent-and-Rehabilitate.14504.html